Our Board Of Directors

Our Board of Directors

IFEM BOARD 2018-2020

Up until 2011, the IFEM Board was made up of a representative from each member country. An Executive of six office-bearers was created in 2006 to improve responsiveness. With the growth in membership to over 64 member organisations, in 2012 it was agreed that a new Board of 12 members would be established. This Board comprises 6 office-bearers, plus representatives from 6 geographic regions – Africa, Asia, Australasia, Europe, North America and Central and South America. The current Board also includes a liaison and oversight officer.


Professor James Ducharme | President
Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians

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Dr Ducharme has been involved with IFEM from its inception, having been of the 4 original Founding Member presidents who signed the IFEM charter. he has taken on many roles over the years, including drafting the original Bylaws as Chair of the Governance Committee. During the 11 years as editor-in-chief of the Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine, he arranged for original IFEM position papers and guidelines to be peer reviewed and published through CJEM. Dr Ducharme initially became a professor of Emergency Medicine at Dalhousie University, and after moving 13 years ago to the Toronto area, has become a Clinical Professor of Medicine at McMaster University, and an Adjunct Professor of Family Medicine at Queen’s University. He has served as an external examiner for the EM specialty exams at the University of West Indies. His primary academic interest has been pain management as well as international emergency medicine. Dr Ducharme has also worked in the corporate world, having been the Senior Vice President and CMO for 2 different health care companies, including McKesson Canada, where he was the Chief Medical Officer. He currently serves IFEM as its President. He works full time clinically in the emergency department of Humber River Hospital in Toronto.

Professor Lee Wallis | Immediate Past President
African Federation for Emergency Medicine

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Professor Lee Alan Wallis is Head of Emergency Medicine for the Western Cape Government, Professor and Head of the Division of Emergency Medicine at the University of Cape Town and Professor of Emergency Medicine at Stellenbosch University.  He is responsible for clinical governance and training within the government EMS system and 40 hospital Emergency Departments. His division comprises undergraduate medical students, 50 residents, over 100 Masters students and 35 PhD students.

Lee is Immediate Past President of the International Federation for Emergency Medicine. He was Founder and President of the African Federation for Emergency Medicine from 2009-2016. He is Editor in Chief of the African Journal of Emergency Medicine, and has authored several book chapters and around 250 journal articles. He edited the Oxford University Press AFEM handbook of Acute and Emergency Care, has been involved in the development of emergency care systems in several Africa countries, is a consultant to WHO, and consults widely for academic institutions and governments in low resource settings.

A/Professor Sally McCarthy | President-elect
Australasian College for Emergency Medicine

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Dr Melanie Stander | Vice-President
Emergency Medicine Society of South Africa

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Dr Anthony Cross | Treasurer
Australasian College for Emergency Medicine

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Anthony is an Australian Emergency Physician and Intensivist who has served on the Board of IFEM since 2014 and as Treasurer since 2016.  He is passionate about International Emergency Medicine development and has special interests in resuscitation, ethics and medico-legal issues.

Dr Terrence Mulligan | Secretary
American College of Emergency Physicians

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Dr Mulligan received his medical degree in 1997 from A.T. Still University in Missouri. He completed a residency in Emergency Medicine in 2001 and a second residency in Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine in 2002 in Bronx, New York.  He then completed a Fellowship in International Emergency Medicine at George Washington University in 2003, and completed a Masters in Public Health in Epidemiology and Biostatistics at George Washington University in 2003. In 2006, he completed a one-year Health Policy Fellowship from American Osteopathic Association, and in 2008, he completed a Fellowship in EM Administration and Management.  He has completed graduate work at Erasmus University in the Netherlands in Health Economics, Policy and Law. He is double-board certified in Emergency Medicine and in Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine / Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine, and has completed three subspecialty Fellowships: in International Emergency Medicine, in Health Policy, in EM Administration and Management, and in Sports and Exercise Medicine.

Dr Mulligan is a Clinical Professor in Emergency Medicine at the University of Maryland School of Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, where he is the Director of the International Emergency Medicine (IEM) program and the IEM Fellowship.   He is also an Affiliate Faculty of the University of Maryland Institute for Global Health. From 2006-2010, Dr Mulligan was living and working in The Netherlands directing two emergency departments and EM residencies at Erasmus University Medical Center in Rotterdam, and at UMC Utrecht, two of the first EM programs in that country, and contributed heavily to EM development in Netherlands.  During that time, he completed graduate work in a Master of Science program in Health Economics, Policy and Law at Erasmus University in Rotterdam, Netherlands.  Dr Mulligan is also an Extraordinary Senior Lecturer / Visiting Assistant Professor at Stellenbosch University in Cape Town, South Africa, a Visiting Professor at Hunan Provincial People’s Hospital, Hunan Normal University, in Changsha, China, and a Visiting Professor at Apollo GlenEagles Hospital in Kolkata, India.

He is a Board member of the American Academy of Emergency Medicine (AAEM), and the Secretary for the International Federation for Emergency Medicine (IFEM). He has been active with IFEM since 2005.  He is also the founder and Treasurer of the International Federation for Emergency Medicine Foundation, and the founder and President / CEO of the IFEM Institute. He is a co-founder and Vice President of the American Academy of EM for India (AAEMI).  He is the past-chair of the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) Section for International Emergency Medicine, the past chair of the American Academy of EM (AAEM) Committee for International Medicine, a past chair of the International EM Committee for the American College of Osteopathic Emergency Medicine (ACOEP), and the co-founder of the International EM Fellowship Consortium (//www.iemfellowships.com/).  He is co-founder and was an Associate Editor of the peer-reviewed journal, The African Journal of Emergency Medicine, and is an executive editor of Emergency Physicians International magazine (www.epijournal.com). He is a co-author of the IFEM Model Curriculum for Medical Student Education in EM, a co-author of the IFEM Model Curriculum for EM Specialists, and is the main author of the IFEM Model Curriculum for CME/CPD, and co-author of many other peer-reviewed publications for the IFEM.

Over the last twenty years, Dr Mulligan has initiated and participated in emergency medicine and acute care system development programs in over fifty countries.  He has established and assisted in establishing residencies in Emergency Medicine, national and international EM societies, Fellowships in EM and EM subspecialties, schools for emergency nursing, training schools for paramedics, relief agencies for underserved areas, disaster medicine and disaster preparation, hospital disaster preparedness and hospital trauma system development all around the world. He has delivered over 850 lectures, symposia and educational programs nationally and internationally for over thirty local, national and international EM organizations.  In 2010, he was honored with the special award, “The Order of the IFEM” for “extensive and continuous commitment to the specialty of Emergency Medicine in his own country and for significant contributions to supporting the development and advancement of the International Federation for Emergency Medicine.”   In June 2012, he was nominated for the award, “Best Personal Contribution to Emergency Medicine in the Netherlands” by the Dutch Society for Emergency Physicians.  In October 2012, he received the highest award from the ACEP International EM Section for “Individual Achievement in International Emergency Medicine Development”.  Dr Mulligan was awarded the “International Emergency Medicine Leadership Award” by the American Academy of Emergency Medicine (AAEM) in 2015.  He received an award for “Individual Achievement in International Emergency Medicine” by the ACEP Ambassador Committee in 2017.  In 2017, he was also named an “Honorary Fellow of the Polish Society of Emergency Medicine”. In 2018, Dr Mulligan received a personal citation from the Minister of Health of Lithuania for “Leadership in Emergency Medicine Development” and for his contribution to Lithuanian Emergency Medicine systems development.  He recently was awarded for his contributions to the Taiwan Society of Emergency Medicine.  In November 2018, he received the ACEP President’s Award for Excellence in EM, and the AAEM President’s Award as well. In December 2018, Dr Mulligan was named a Fellow of the Faculty of Sports and Exercise Medicine, of the Royal College of Surgeons of Ireland and the Royal College of Physicians in Ireland.



Dr Benjamin Wachira
African Federation for Emergency Medicine

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Dr Wai-Mau Choi
Taiwan Society of Emergency Medicine

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Professor Anthony Lawler
Australasian College for Emergency Medicine

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Having worked in the Health system in Tasmania, Australia since 1996, Tony was appointed as Chief Medical Officer in 2015. In his jurisdiction he is responsible for Clinical Governance, Emergency Preparedness and Response, Technical and Ethical issues, Medication Safety and Reform, Regulation and Licensing, General Practice and Primary Care, Chief Nurse and Midwife, and Allied Health.

Tony is Professor in Health Services at the University of Tasmania, a specialist Emergency Physician and a Past President of the Australasian College for Emergency Medicine.

With the Australian Medical Council, he is a member of the Special Education Accreditation Committee and the Recognition of Medical Specialties Subcommittee.

He was previously the Medical Advisor to the Minister for Health, Deputy Head of the Tasmanian School of Medicine and Tasmanian Branch President of the Australian Medical Association.

Central and South America

Professor Edgardo Menendez
Sociedad Argentina de Emergencias

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Graduated as Medical Physician in 1987 from Buenos Aires University and he is Professor in Medicine. Emergency Medicine and Internal Medicine Specialist.

At present, he is the Director of Emergency Department and the Director of Emergency Medicine Resident Program at Churruca Hospital affiliated to Buenos Aires University and he is an Associate Physician in Intensive Care Service at Italian Hospital of Buenos Aires.

Currently, he is the Director of Post-graduate School of Emergency Medicine at Buenos Aires University and is the Director of Specialist Career in Emergency Medicine at Emergency Argentine Society (SAE)

He has a very active participation in the SAE as Founder Member, Administrative Secretary (2001-2004). Scientific Secretary (2004-2006) Vice-president (2006-2008). President (2008-2010). Immediate Past President (2010 – 2012).Secretary of International relationship (2012 at present).

He is also Chair of the Scientific Committee of ICEM 2020 in Buenos Aires and is the President of the Latin American Federation of Emergency Medicine (FLAME)


Dr Tajek Hassan
Royal College of Emergency Medicine

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Dr Taj Hassan is a consultant in Emergency Medicine at the Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust and also President of the Royal College of Emergency Medicine (2016 – 2019). He was elected in 2018 to represent Europe on the Board of the International Federation for Emergency Medicine.

He has previously held posts at NHS Improvement as Associate Medical Director for Urgent & Emergency Care, national RCEM Lead for Ambulatory Emergency Care and co-author of the national Directory of Ambulatory Emergency Care, Vice President of the RCEM and was Director of eLearning at the College (2005-2012) leading on the development of the eLearning platform that is now RCEMLearning.

He has led on the development of the new strategy RCEM Vision 2020 which focuses on the key themes of Staffing, Systems & Support. His major interests include EM system design, creating workforce resilience & sustainability and developing leadership skills for emergency physicians.

He chaired the College’s landmark strategy in 2013 – Creating successful, satisfying and sustainable careers in Emergency Medicine. Internationally, he has been involved in running leadership training programmes for the International Federation of EM (IFEM) and was Chair of the IFEM group that developed the position paper on Sustainable working Practices for the Emergency Physician in 2014.

He has also recently led initiatives to help develop Emergency Medicine in his country of birth, Pakistan as well as supporting other countries where the specialty is still evolving.

North America

Dr Brian Holroyd
Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians

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Dr Brian Holroyd is a Professor of Emergency Medicine (EM) at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, and is the Senior Medical Director of the Alberta Health Services (AHS) Emergency Strategic Clinical Network. Brian is a practicing emergency physician, working clinically at the University of Alberta Hospital, and lives in Edmonton with his wife, Shauna.

After graduating from the University of Alberta with his MD, Brian completed a Family Medicine residency program at the Royal Alexandra Hospital in Edmonton. His EM residency training was at the UCSF-Fresno Medical Education Program in Fresno, California. Brian was an EM faculty member in the UCSF-Fresno Medical Education Program from 1985 through 1993. In California, Dr Holroyd served as the EMS Medical Director in Fresno, California and as the President of the EMS Medical Directors Association of California. Brian received a Commendation from California Governor Pete Wilson for “Exceptional Efforts in Rendering Emergency Assistance to Individuals Injured” in the Interstate Highway 5 Dust Storm Collisions November 29, 1991.

In 1993, Brian returned to Edmonton as the head of the academic EM program at the University of Alberta. He was the was the founding Chair of the Department of Emergency Medicine (EM) at the University of Alberta and completed his term as Chair in June 2017. From 1993 to 2010, he held the position of Chief of EM at the University of Alberta Hospital, and from 2010 to 2011 he was the Edmonton Zone Clinical Department Head for EM for AHS. He has been the Senior Medical Director of the provincial Emergency Strategic Clinical Network since October 2012.

Dr Holroyd is a graduate of the Physician Executive MBA program at the University of Tennessee – Knoxville. In 2013 he was awarded the Canadian Certified Physician Executive credential. He is a Senior Oral Examiner for the American Board of Emergency Medicine. Dr Holroyd served as a member, Vice-Chair and Chair of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada Specialty Committee for Emergency Medicine between 2004 and 2016. He was a member of the national Collaborative Working Group on the Future of Emergency Medicine in Canada. In December 2017, Brian was awarded the Order of the International Federation for Emergency Medicine (FIFEM), and is the North American Regional Board Representative to the International Federation for Emergency Medicine (IFEM) for 2018-2020. In April 2019 he completed the Oregon Health & Science University Graduate Certificate in Clinical Informatics.

His professional interests include emergency department operations, quality, and administration, health policy, medical education, EMS, cardiac emergencies, medical informatics, and clinical decision support. He has authored multiple publications and has made local and national presentations on topics related to EM operations, pre-hospital care, informatics and quality improvement.


Dr Paul Hiu-fai Ho
Hong Kong College of Emergency Medicine

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Dr Paul Ho graduated from University of Hong Kong in 1986. He trained in general surgery during his early days and is a qualified surgeon before his career change to emergency medicine in 1994. He was the consultant in Accident and Emergency Department of Queen Elizabeth Hospital Hong Kong since 1996 and chief of the department during the period of 1999 – 2013. He reassumed the chief of service position in 2019. He was deputized hospital chief executive of the hospital from 2013 – 19. He also carries honorary clinical lecturer and associate professor posts at the two medical schools in Hong Kong. He was President of the Hong Kong College of Emergency Medicine from 2011 -2017. His interests in emergency medicine are trauma, sports medicine and end-of-life care.


ICEM 2019    Michael Choe (KSEM)

ICEM 2020    Edgardo Menendez (SAE)